Metla uutiskirje

Metla Bulletin

Shortage of Coniferous Pulpwood in Karelia, and Oversupply of Sawlogs

The objective of the Russian Federation is to reduce the export of timber and secure the availability of timber for the domestic wood processing industry. Karelia does not have enough coniferous pulpwood for its own industry; the situation is the reverse for coniferous sawlogs and birch. Last year, 0.8 million cubic metres of coniferous sawlogs were harvested in excess of demand. The Karelian wood processing industry does not use any of the one million cubic metres of birch fibre harvested

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In the future, small timber must be transported to its place of use from farther and farther away – there are profitable alternatives

It is also worthwhile to transport small timber to its place of use from farther away – presupposing that a suitable mode of transportation or a combination of modes can be found for each situation and set of conditions. New trucks with more capacity are often a more cost-effective alternative to expensive railtransport. Rail transport is more competitive than road transport only when work is close to train terminals and when the distance is long enough. As a whole, the pruned tree chain is more cost-effective than the whole tree chain. In the international Enerwoods project, Metla compared the transport costs of different combinations in the Kokkola-Kainuu axis.

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Trees4Future – research without borders

The Trees4Future project is integrating European knowledge and expertise on forest genetics, forestry and wood technology into a single portal. The experts from the 13 European project partner countries can also utilise each other’s research equipment and infrastructure; a work period usually lasts a couple of months. “Useful and productive”, commented Azahara Barra Jiménez, a Spanish forestry student who has been finalising her dissertation at Metla’s Punkaharju location, utilising the expertise of the local researchers.

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Know-how in intensive forestry is frequently moving between Finland and Russia.

In April, an interim seminar for the project on Novel cross-border solutions for intensification of forestry and increasing energy wood use (CBS FOREN) was held in Joensuu, reviewing the results from the project’s first year. In addition to the forestry sector’s ”Finland-Russia courses”, literary production and exchange of research information, the promise by the Petrozavodsk State University to increase the share of courses related to practical forestry in its own forestry study modules was the star of the show. This is good news for forestry students in Finland and Russia.

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Wood-based energy in Iceland – believe it or not!

Today, there are wide swathes of land in Iceland where forests are growing rapidly and wood is utilised in a multitude of ways. Things would not go quite as smoothly using just local know-how; international forestry know-how and competence has also been imported into the island nation. Metla has done a lot of research and development work for the Icelandic forestry industry with its various project partners.

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LYNET IV Research Days
Utilization of natural resources over the border of Finland and Russia -
perspectives of natural and social sciences

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The 17th International Boreal Forest Research Association (IBFRA) Conference 24.-25.5.2015, Rovaniemi

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Header image: Metla/Essi Puranen, Photos: Metla/Erkki Oksanen, unless otherwise stated