Metla uutiskirje

Metla Bulletin

Russian government approved a national forestry development programme for 2013–2020

The new forestry development programme in Russia specifies the objectives, tasks, and focus areas for the development of forestry in terms of the use of forests, prevention of damage, protection, and renewal. The programme differs from previous development programmes by the fact that the aim is to implement all forestry-related measures and manage the funding within the programme.

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Finnish companies willing to support the construction of forest roads in north-west Russia as a network of companies
Photo: Pasi Poikonen.

It is expensive to build forest roads in north-west Russia. Investments in forest roads in the area are also obstructed by circumstances related to land ownership, shortcomings in forest and road regulations, and the funding for the investments. According to a report by Metla and the North Karelia Forest Centre, Finnish experts on road construction would be willing to form a network of companies to export their expertise to Russia.

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European experts on forest policy meet in Joensuu

In Europe, issues related to forests are handled in different political sectors and at various levels. This makes it difficult to predict the joint effect of the decisions. Predictions are needed especially for the consolidation of objectives and means related to forests in terms of climate, energy, environment, industry, and rural areas.

Researchers and experts assessed the objectives, means, and experiences of politicians related to forests in European countries in an international meeting, which was organised in Joensuu, Finland, on 17–18 June 2013. Almost 50 researchers from 22 countries came together for the meeting.

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How to meet the increasing demand for wood in Europe

The future growth in demand for wood is expected to increase the competition between the wood-processing sector and the energy sector in Europe. Can Europe’s forests meet the increase in demand for forest biomass? Participants of the Joensuu Forestry Networking Week 2013 discussed how to improve current forest management systems and the opportunities and challenges of intensive forest management.

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Taking a forestry trail to Mozambique
Photo: Marjatta Joutsimäki

Forests in Mozambique are diminishing at an alarming pace, because they are used in a very short-sighted manner. Through sustainable forestry, Mozambique’s economic growth could be improved significantly, because the majority of the country’s population is dependent on forests and other natural resources in one way or another. As much as 80 per cent of energy consumption is derived from the use of firewood and charcoal. Research-based communication is one way to fight against deforestation.

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Baltic countries rely on wood products industry

The forestry industry is one of the most important industrial production sectors in the Baltic countries. A lively and growing wood products industry and the share of exported industrial roundwood are common features for all three Baltic countries – Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. Finland, for example, is one of the key areas of exported roundwood for the Baltic countries.

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Promobio project promotes the use of bioenergy in the production of heat and electricity in Eastern Europe

With the help of the Promobio project, which is coordinated by Metla, concrete actions have been taken in Poland, Romania, and Slovakia to develop the regional bioenergy programmes. In addition, local entrepreneurs have been involved in the acquisition of woody biomass and investments in heating plants. The progress has been most rapid in Romania and slowest in Poland.

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Header image: Metla/Essi Puranen, Photos: Metla/Erkki Oksanen, unless otherwise stated