Forests and Human Health December-20-2013

Selected Publications


Powell B, Maundu P, Kuhnlein HV, Johns T (2013) Wild foods from farm and forest in the east Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 52: 451-478.

This study highlighted the importance of natural wild food, which could be extracted from agricultural land and forests. The authors found that many wild foods were obtained on farms; wild foods obtained from the forest accounted for less than 3% of food items consumed because of ecological requirements and limited access due to deforestation and distance to the forest.  Their data also suggested that on days when foods from the forest are consumed, they contribute between 10% and 34% of the intake of various nutrients. This study reported that wild foods contributed only 2% of total energy in the diet, but however, contributed large percentages of vitamin A (RAE) (31%), vitamin C (20%), and iron (19.19%). This study showed that providing local communities with greater access to and control over forest resources needed for their livelihoods had important implications for food security and nutrition.

Gödecke T, Napolitano JG, Rodriguez Brasco MF, Chen SN, Jaki BU, Lankin D, Pauli GF (2013) Residual Complexity of Bioactive Natural Products: Validation of a Generic qHNMR Method for Natural Product Analysis. Phytochemical Analysis 25: in press.

This research work introduces a validated protocol for quantitative 1H NMR (qHNMR) analysis of complex samples with relatively high dynamic range which makes the protocol suitable for a wide range of analysis and applications, such as requirements of natural products.

Smiderle FR, Sassaki GL, Griensven LJLD van , Iacomini M (2013) Isolation and chemical characterization of a glucogalactomannan of the medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris. Carbohydrate Polymers 97 (1): 74 - 80.

This study reported that a glucogalactomannan was purified from the alkaline extract of Cordyceps militaris, a valuable medicine mushroom.

Larmo P, Kangas A, Soininen P, Lehtonen H-M, Suomela J-P, Yang B, Viikari J, Ala-Korpela M, Kallio H. (2013) Effects of berry fractions on the serum metabolites differ according to the baseline metabolic profiles in overweight and slightly obese women. The American  Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 98, 941-951.

This study was to investigate the effects of the baseline metabolic profile on the response to berry intake. It concluded that berry intake has overall metabolic effects, which depend on the cardiometabolic risk profile at baseline.

Huttunen S, Riihinen K, Kauhanen J and Tikkanen-Kaukanen C (2013) Antimicrobial activity of different Finnish monofloral honeys against human pathogenic bacteria.  APMIS 121(9): 827-834.

This study proved for the first time that Finnish monofloral honeys acted against pneumococcal bacteria. In addition, Finnish buckwheat, willow herb and heather honeys are strongly effective against MRSA, among other bacteria.

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