Adapting Forest Management to Maintain the Environmental Services: Carbon Sequestration, Biodiversity and Water

Koli National Park, Finland 21.9.-24.9.2009



Venue: Koli National Park, Heritage Centre Ukko, Ylä-Kolintie 39, FIN-83960 Koli, Finland

Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla) Nordic Forestry CAR-ES Agricultural University of Iceland

Forest & Landscape Denmark

Icelandic Forest Research

Latvia State Forest Research Institute "Silava"


International Scientific Committee
Prof. Leena Finér,
(chairperson) Metla, Prof. Per Gundersen Forest & Landscape Denmark, Dr, Senior Scientist Magne Sætersdal, Norwegian Forest & Landscape Institute, Prof. Bjarni D. Sigurdsson,Agricultural University of Iceland, Dr, Senior scientist Eva Ring and Prof. Jan Weslien Skogforsk, Sweden, M. Sc. Dagnija Lazdina Latvia State Forest Research Institute Silava.

Technical committee

Dr Ari Laurén
(chairperson) Metla, Dr Karin Hansen Forest & Landscape Denmark, M. Sc. Markus Lier Metla.

Conference background
The environmental research within forest ecosystems has mainly focused on the negative impacts of pressures, such as air pollution or large scale clear-cuts. The Helsinki process and the concept of sustainable forest management (SFM) have turned the focus towards research on the environmental benefits of forests, which society now recognises and demands from the forest sector.
Forest ecosystems provide many deliverables or benefits to society eg. wood, berries and mushrooms, hunting and other recreational activities. More recent recognised benefits of forests include various environmental services, such as carbon sequestration, water protection and biodiversity. As the recognized benefits of forests are diversifying, forest managers are facing more complex and difficult decisions when making forest management plans. There is an urgent need to increase the knowledge on how forest management can be used to maintain and enhance different environmental services. Such knowledge will enable a change in traditional management in order to continue to provide valuable wood products and at the same time sustain or restore environmental services at reduced external pressures.


The overall aim of this international conference was to focus on the impacts of forest management on environmental services – carbon sequestration, biodiversity and water protection. Specific aims were:

  • to present an overview of current research on environmental services in sustainable forest management
  • to quantify the environmental impact of different management strategies and practices in order to support decision-making
  • to improve the awareness of the environmental services provided by forests.

The conference was arranged by the Nordic Centre of Advanced Research on Environmental Services (CAR-ES) funded by SNS during 2004-2009 ( This international conference was the finalization of CAR-ES.


Call for scientific papers
Participants are provided the opportunity to publish their study in a special issue of the peer-reviewed international scientific journal of forest science Silva Fennica. Silva Fennica publishes research articles, review articles, research notes, discussion papers and book reviews. The journal covers all aspects of forest research, both basic and applied subjects. Deadline Silva Fennica: 1.11.2009

Please refer to instructions to authors at the Web pages of Silva Fennica The manuscript should be submitted during the conference. Submit your manuscript latest by 1.11.2009 to the author gateway of Silva Fennica. Please mention "Environmental Services" in your message
to the editorial office. Please refer to "instructions to authors" at the Web pages of Silva Fennica

Target group
At the conference 55 experts and scientists were participating.


Keynotes and volunteer presentations (.ppt)

Monday 21st | Tuesday 22nd | Wednesday 23rd | Thursday 24th

Monday 21 September 2009


Tuesday 22 September 2009

Welcome address by Leena Finér, Metla

General session on environmental services provided by forests

Chair: Dan Aamlid, Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute

Per Gundersen, Forest & Landscape Denmark, leader of CAR-ES What do we mean by environmental services?

Herbert W. Schroeder, USDA Forest Service How people value environments and their services

Bart Muys K.U. Leuven, Belgium What ecosystem services can forests provide?

Kjersti Bakkebø Fjellstad, Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE): MCPFE – Policies related to Environmental Services

Volunteer presentation
Jan Weslien, Skogforsk, the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden: How are environmental services affected by increased forest productivity and warmer climate?

Session on forest management tools to sequestrate carbon

Chair: Bart Muys K.U. Leuven, Belgium

Seppo Kellomäki, University of Joensuu, Finland Forest management tools to sequestrate carbon

Volunteer presentations
Bjarni Sigurdsson, Icelandic Forest Research Effects of afforestation on carbon stocks and fluxes of previously grazed heathlands in Iceland
Christopher Dean, Dept of Environmental and Aquatic Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia Effective carbon management of forests requires recognition of major pools and timelines

Marjo Palviainen, University of Helsinki, Finland Decomposing tree stumps are long-term carbon pools and nitrogen sinks after harvesting

Poster session, Heritage Centre Ukko

Chair: Karin Hansen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark


Wednesday 23 September 2009

Session on the forest management tools to maintain biodiversity

Chair: Magne Sætersdal, Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute

Kris Verheyen, University of Gent Forest management tools to maintain biodiversity

Volunteer presentations
Edda Oddsdottir, Icelandic Institute of Natural History Effects of afforestation on species richness of plants and animals in Iceland

Margus Pensa, University of Tallinn, Estonia The effect of planted tree species on the diversity of herbaceous vegetation in a reclaimed oil-shale opencast in Estonia

Mike Smith, Forest Research Northern Research Station Bush Estate Midlothian, UK Functional forests: Delivering sustainable multifunctional forest management at the landscape scale

Olof Widenfalk, Skogforsk, the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden Plant and insect diversity in young forests – The role of thinning, browsing and productivity

Session on the combining the management of forests and waters

Chair: Eva Ring, Skogforsk Sweden

Kevin Bishop, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Combining management of forests and waters

Volunteer presentations
Špela Planinsek, Slovenian Forestry Institute A model for valuing and allocating forest sites providing a hydrological role

Ivan Pilas, Department of Ecology and Silviculture, Forest Research Institute Jastrebarsko, Kroatia Fighting water scarcity to maintain forest environmental services - perspective of lowland floodplain forests in south eastern Europe

Hannu Mannerkoski, University of Joensuu, Finland Forests, forestry and water - and their relations - in Finland

Karin Hansen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark Afforestation of former arable land at Vestskoven, Denmark. Change in environmental services

Final session to conclude and give direction for the future

Jette Bredahl Jacobsen, Forest and Landscape Denmark Economic considerations in forest management to provide environmental services in the future

Panel discussion

Chairs: Per Gundersen, Forest & Landscape Denmark and Lars Högbom, Skogforsk Sweden
16:20–17:30 Panel discussion with the keynote speakers and stake holders
Closing of the seminar


Thursday 24 September 2009

07:30–17:00 Scientific excursion: How forest management in Finland provides environmental services in practice. All the three services are covered and examples are shown.


Poster session Tuesday 22 September 2009


Dorow, W. et al., Research Institute and Natural History Museum Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main, Germany: The role and importance of Mediterranean oaks as habitats for indigenous Central European insects
Agus, C., Faculty of Forestry UGM Jogjakarta, Indonesia: The role of tropical and temperate forest on the global carbon-environmental services
Aleinikoviene, J. et al., Ecology Department, Lithuanian Forest Research Institute: Carbon sequestration and organic matter decomposing microflora in afforested and abandoned arable arenosols
Chojnicki, B. et al., Department of Agrometeorology, Poznan University of Live Sciences, Poland: Carbon sequestration measurements of post cropland pine afforestation in Poland
Dymov, A. et al., Soil science department, Institute of Biology Komi SC RAS, Syktyvkar, Russia: Soil organic matter changes in cut spruce forest (middle taiga, Komi Republic)
Elmarsdottir, A. et al., Icelandic Institute of Natural History: Effects of afforestation by exotic conifers and native birch on ground vegetation composition in Iceland
Gjerde, I. et al., Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Fana, Norway: Surrogate species indicating high species richness: true indicators or sampling effects?
Gundersen, P. et al., University of Copenhagen, Forest and Landscape Denmark: Are water and element cycles in larch (Larix sp.) intermediate between those in coniferous and deciduous tree species?
Gupta, H.S. et al., Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal: Stored Carbon in Biomass Products-opportunities for sustainable forestry in India -a review study
Hellsten, S. & Akselsson, C., IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd, Göteborg: Assessing the environmental effects of biomass scenarios in Sweden applying nutrient mass balances at a national scale
Hökkä, H. et al., Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Rovaniemi: Balancing between peatland forest timber production and environmental effects of forest management practices in surface waters
Høistad, F. et al., Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Norway: Spatial distribution of epiphytic lichens; consequence of dispersal patterns or habitat distribution?
Koivusalo, H. et al., Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Joensuu: Nitrogen load response to forest clear-cutting in areas of low and high atmospheric deposition
Komorovska, A. et al., Latvia state forest research institute "Silava": International program "Forest Focus 2006" demonstration project Biosoil in Latvia
Kubin, E. et al., Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Muhos: Impacts of stump removal and collecting of logging residue on nutrient cycle and forest biodiversity
Lauren, A. et al., Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Joensuu: Estimating duration of treatment effect on nutrient export in the paired catchment experiment
Lazdina, D. et al., Latvia state forest research institute "Silava": Preliminary results of cut away peat-land afforestation with using of waste water sludge fertilizers.
Löfgren, S. et al., Skogforsk, Sweden: Short-term effects of logging on the water chemistry in two boreal streams in northern Sweden - 277 Balsjö; a paired catchment study
Mjöfors, K. & Strömgren, M., Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden: Effects on soil-surface CO2 flux the first year(s) after stump extraction
Norlund, S. et al., Skogforsk - the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden: Effects of soil scarification on soil solution chemistry
Oddsdottir, E. et al., Icelandic Forest Research, Mógilsá, Reykjavík: The effects of afforestation on Collembola density and species number
Piirainen, S. et al., Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Joensuu: Forestry operations have a small impact on the groundwater quality in aquifers
Rantakari, M. et al., Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki: Organic and inorganic carbon concentrations and fluxes from managed and unmanaged boreal first order catchments
Sarkkola, S. et al., Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Vantaa: Trends in stream water concentration and export of phosphorus from boreal headwater catchments in Eastern Finland
Sigurdsson et al. Effects of afforestation on 'total' species richness of previously grazed heathlands in Iceland
Sutinen, R. et al. Geological Survey of Finland, Rovaniemi: Dielectric time stability of glacial till ten years after forest management and Impact of mechanical site preparation on soil water and solute content at former Norway spruce sites in Lapland
von Stedingkin, H. et al., Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences:Conservation values on drained peatlands


Prof. Leena Finér, Metla, phone: +358 391 3067, leena.finer(at)
Dr. Ari Lauren, Metla, phone: +358 391 3066, ari.lauren(at)
Markus Lier, Metla, phone: +358 391 3063, markus.lier(at)


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