Silva Fennica : regular issues : 44(2) : sa442363.htm

Ville Hallikainen, Mikko Hyppönen, Leena Pernu & Jouni Puoskari. 2010.

Family forest owners’ opinions about forest management in northern Finland

Silva Fennica 44(2): 363–384

Forest management guidelines changed at the end of the 1990’s in Finland. Biodiversity, visual landscape, water systems, and different forms of forest use are now better taken into account. The objectives, outdoor recreation motives, and attitudes towards the present forest management activities of the non-industrial private forest owners called family forest owners in this article, whose forest holdings are located in northern Finland, were studied. In addition, a forest owner typology based on the above-mentioned motives, objectives, and attitudes was created, and the relationship between the typology and the forest owners’ background was tested. Principal component analysis, log-linear models, canonical correlations, and K-means cluster analysis were used in the data analysis. The results showed that especially commercial timber production, but also multiple-use forestry, is important for forest owners. Non-timber products such as game, berries, and forest mushrooms were considered more important than biodiversity, conservation of endangered species, tourism, and reindeer herding. The current, more ecological forest management activities were widely accepted by the owners. The changes had been perceived in the forest management activities. Close relationships were found between the objectives, attitudes and motives of the forest owners. Those owners who emphasized ecological tourism and multiple-use forestry, more frequently accepted detailed conservation and other “softer” management methods than those who emphasized commercial timber production. Typologies, called conservationists, timber producers, and multi-objective forest owners, were identified. Forest owner’s education and source of income were closely related to their typology. Highly educated forest owners and those who gained their money from tourism belonged to the groups named conservationists or multi-objective owners, whereas those who lived on forestry income represented timber producers.

Keywords
forest management, family forest owner, northern Finland, forest owner typology, forest management objective, forest management activity, silviculture, tourism

Addresses
Finnish Forest Research Institute, Eteläranta 55, FI-96301 Rovaniemi, Finland. E-mail ville.hallikainen@metla.fi

Received 17 April 2009 Revised 15 October 2009 Accepted 30 March 2010
ISSN 0037-5330

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