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General Information about Finland

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Finland is one of the northernmost countries in the world. It is located between the 60th and 70th latitudes, and a quarter of the land lies to the north of the Arctic Circle. The total area of Finland is 338,000 km2, of which the land area is 304,000 km2.


The Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream affect the climate in Finland remarkably, making it warmer than elsewhere at the same latitudes. The mean annual temperature in South-Western Finland is +5°C degreasing gradually towards north and being only -1°C at the timberline in Lapland.

In southern Finland the mean annual precipitation is 650-700 mm degreasing to 400 mm at the northern timberline. In south about one third of the precipitation is snow which covers the ground for 3 to 4 months and the ground is frozen for 2 to 5 months a year. In the northern Finland, the snow can cover the ground for as long as 7 months a year and the ground remains frozen for about 8 months a year.

For more general information about Finland, please, visit

Finland – Facts:
  • democratic republic
  • independent since 1917
  • member of the EU since 1995
  • total area 338 000 km2
  • population 5.45 million (17 per km2)
Updated: 04.04.2014 /KPB  |  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated  |  Copyright Metla  |  Feedback