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Finnish Forests

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Finland is Europe's most heavily forested country, with over 3/4 of the land area representing 23 million hectares, under forest cover. There is an additional 3 million hectares of sparsely wooded forest areas and treeless open mires and rocky forest land. Altogether forestry land accounts for 86% of the land area.

Nearly all of Finland belongs to the boreal coniferous forest zone, which is characterised by a short growing season and a limited number of tree species. Due to the Gulf Stream, however, conditions in Finland are more favourable than in other places on the same latitude.

Tree species

There are four coniferous species native to Finland, and over twenty species of deciduous trees. The most common species, which are also economically most significant, are Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies), and silver and downy birch (Betula pendula and Betula pubescens).

For more forest facts from Finland, please visit The Finnish Forest Association's site.

Updated: 13.08.2013 /JHyv  |  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated  |  Copyright Metla  |  Feedback