Suomeksi / The contents in Finnish...

I. The Biological Principles

1. Variation in natural forests
2. Inheritable variability
3. Variation between stands
4. Variation between individual trees
5. The maintenance of genetic variability
6. Resistance and adaptability
7. Variation in growth rate
8. Variation in quality
9. Wind pollination and cross-fertilization
10.Variation in flowering

II. The Basic Techniques

11. Silvicultural selection
12. Stand selection
13. Plus tree selection
14. Combined stand and plus tree selection
15. Grafting
16. Establishment of seed orchards
17. Phenotypic selection
18. Progeny testing
19. Testing methods
20. Testing resistance
21. Resistance breeding
22. Measuring growth rate
23. Measurement of quality properties
24. The expression of inheritable differences on grafts
25. Crossing, the basic technique of tree breeding
26. Crossings increase variation in the breeding material
27. Exploiting provenance variation
28. Testing exotic tree species
29. The prerequisites for cultivating exotic tree species
30. Forest tree breeding and climate change

III. The Production of Genetically Improved Material

31. The stand collection of seed
32. Forest tree seed orchards
33. The production of seed in seed orchards
34. Seed from seed orchards in plastic greenhouses
35. Seed orchards for exotic tree species
36. Hardwood seed orchards
37. Seed crops of the seed orchards
38. The utilization area of seed from seed orchards
39. Effect of background pollination on the usability of seed orchard seed
40. Determining the genetic composition of seed orchard seed
41. The management and treatment of seed orchards
42. Improving the genetical level of seed orchards
43. Vegetative propagation
44. Micropropagation of conifers
45. Tissue culture of forest trees
46. Gene transfer as a research technique
47. The transfer of beneficial genes into forest trees
48. Genetic gain
49. Clone forestry and increasing the genetic gain
50. Exploitation of breeding results


METLA/MH - 27.5.1997 - Feedback