Forest sector workforce
Employment provided by the forest sector is an important indicator
of the social benefits generated by forests, especially
for the rural areas. An adequate workforce in terms of numbers
and qualifications is a critical input to sustainable forest
In Europe forest sector employment is still decreasing, mainly
in countries where there is still a high potential for mechanisation
of forest operations like in Central-East Europe. Whereas in
Central-East Europe a reduction in numbers due to productivity
continues, West Central and North European forestry seems
to have stabilised the work-force at a rather low level, where
most job reductions have been reached.
In Finland 2010, the forest sector provided employment to about
69,000 persons, less than 3% of the entire employed labour
force. The regional distribution of employed people in forest
sector follows the location of manufacturing installations of forest
products. The number of employed people in forest sector is
stabilized, but the worldwide recession in 2008–2009 caused
a collapse in employment particularly in the pulp and paper industries.
In 2010, the average unemployment rate in the forest
sector was 9.0%.
|Employment of forest sector in Europe, total in thousand in 2010.
||Proportion of forest sector (inlc. furniture industry) of
employed persons by forestry centre, 2010.