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State of Finland's Forests 2012: Criterion 3 Productive functions

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Accessibility of recreation services (6.10)

Orienteering in the forest gives new experience for every hobbyist regardless of the level of the skills. Figure 6.10. Visits to national parks, hiking areas and nature centres, 2000–2010.
Source: Metsähallitus

 

Hiking and other outdoor activities in the forest as enabled by Everyman’s Rights are part of the Finnish way of life and leisure time. Areas designated for outdoor activities, extensive conservation areas and large tracts of forest provide excellent opportunities for outdoor recreation. Movement in forests is only restricted in military areas and strictly protected nature reserves, where access requires a permit. Strict nature reserves are principally closed to the public, although some of them have marked paths for public access. Restrictions to free access apply to about 0.4% of the area of forestry land in Finland.

About half of all outdoor recreation excursions in forests occur on privately owned land. Two fifths occur in local municipal recreation areas, which are important particularly for the residents of large cities and other built-up areas. One fifth occurs on State land.

Finns own 485,000 leisure homes in Finland, most of them in a forest and along a waterway. Leisure homes are popular: in 2009, 64% of the population spent time at a leisure home, and the average number of visits per year was 38.

Table 6.10. Participation in outdoor recreation activities in Finland, 1998–2000 and 2009


Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute, National inventory of recreational use of nature.

Outdoor activity

Participation rate

Number of participation

 

1998–2000

2009

1998–2000

2009

% of the population

Number during one year

Hand-picking of berries and other nature products

Picking wild berries

56

56

8

7

Picking mushrooms

38

41

7

7

Picking herbs and flowers

17

25

9

6

Forestry work

 

 

 

 

Harvesting of household and fuelwood

30

43

12

13

Forest management in leisure time

10

16

9

12

Hunting and game

Bird hunting

6

7

10

14

Small game hunting

5

7

15

14

Game management

4

5

13

13

Moose hunting

3

4

12

15

Activities on snow and ice

Skiing

46

43

17

14

Snowmobiling

10

10

13

9

Other activities in forests

Hiking

23

27

26

14

Camping on the terrain

8

12

6

5

Orienteering

4

5

11

12

Other outdoor activities

Walking

68

71

113

66

Bicycling

55

54

48

33

Sightseeing in nature

35

51

34

21

Activities with children

30

33

40

28

Picnicking

30

37

7

7

Walking the dog

25

28

213

166

Running and jogging

16

30

50

39

Birdwatching

14

21

56

44

 

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  Updated: 27.02.2012 /MLier |  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated | Copyright Metla | Feedback