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State of Finland's Forests 2012 Based on the Criteria and Indicators of
Sustainable Forest Management

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About the updated report

This publication is an updated and revised version of the ‘State of Finland’s Forests 2011’ report. The update is compiled by Metla and based on the latest version of the Finnish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry.

Title of publication:
5a/2011 State of Finland´s Forests 2011
Based on the Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry & Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla)

Writers and Editors:
Jari Parviainen and Sinikka Västilä, Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla)
Photos: Erkki Oksanen, Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), unless otherwise stated.

ISBN 978-952-453-660-8 (Printed version)
ISSN 1238-2531 (Printed version)
ISBN 978-952-453-661-5 (Electronic version)
ISSN 1797-397X

Graphs and layout: Sari Elomaa, Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla)
HTML version: Jari Parviainen, Sinikka Västilä and Markus Lier, Metla



Criteria and indicators have become an established instrument for assessing and monitoring sustainable forest management.
Indicators have been used in Finland particularly in the presentation of and reporting on forestry as well as in
the monitoring and preparation of the National Forest Programme and the Regional Forest Programmes. The indicators
have also been used to steer practical silviculture and forest certification.

Ever since the Second Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE) in Helsinki in 1993, Finland
has made an active contribution to the development of the criteria and indicators worldwide. The first set of Pan-
European Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management was produced in 1993–1995 under the leadership
of Finland and Portugal. Finland’s first national set of indicators was completed in 1996 and has since been updated.
The Pan-European Criteria and Indicator set currently applied is based on the decisions of the Ministerial Conference held
in Vienna in 2003.

The present State of Finland’s Forests 2011 report based on the criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management, is the fourth of its kind; previous reports
were published in 1997, 2003 and 2007.

The report has been revised in the same spirit of open cooperation as the Finnish National Forest Programme. It has been discussed
and commented on by the Advisory Board for International Forest Policy appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture
and Forestry. The collation of data for indicators and the production of texts were compiled at the Finnish Forest Research
Institute (Metla), which, being in charge of the national forest inventory and of compiling forest statistics in Finland, has
the necessary resources and information for the task.

The Finnish set of indicators is lent considerable weight by monitoring data on Finland’s forests from time series up to
90 years old and by the taking of new, topical issues under review. Because the indicators are also used for presentation
of and reporting on Finnish forests and forestry internationally, the present report also includes a short description
of the development and diversity of Finnish forests and forest management and their significance to Finnish society. In
addition the main characteristics of Finland’s forests have been compared to the European situation.

I would like to extend my warmest thanks for those contributing to this report for a job well done. At the same time, I
hope that its valuable content will be extensively used to communicate the state of Finland’s forests and forestry during
and after during the International Year of Forests 2011.

Helsinki, 25 May 2011
Sirkka-Liisa Anttila
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry

  Updated: 12.04.2012 /MLier |  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated | Copyright Metla | Feedback