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State of Finland's Forests 2012 Based on the Criteria and
Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management

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State of Finland’s Forests 2012 combines forest policies and their effects to the forests. The report has the most up-to-date information on the state of Finnish forests and it explains policy resolutions’ effects to forestry and forest conservation. The state of forests is evaluated using six pan-European criteria.

Forest resources

 

The state of Finland’s forests has improved over the past 40 years. The growing stock has increased by more than 40%. Over the same period, wood equivalent to the current volume of the tree stock, 2,200 million cubic metres, has been harvested and used.

Biological diversity

To safeguard biological diversity, nature manage
ment measures have been undertaken in commercial forests, and the area of protected forests has been tripled over the past 35 years; thanks to these efforts, the decline of certain forest species has been halted.

Health and vitality

Because the main use of wood is far lower than annual growth, Finland’s forests are a carbon sink, removing carbon from the atmosphere equivalent to about half of the carbon dioxide emissions from Finland’s industry per year.

Protective forests

Apart from the severe storm damage in summer 2010 and winter 2011, there has been no widespread forest damage in Finland for 30 years. Climate change is estimated to increase forest growth, but on the other hand extreme weather phenomena will probably become more common and cause local damage more frequently.

Productive functions

Forests, forest bioproducts and ecosystem services are estimated to continue to form an important part of Finland’s national economy in preparing to alleviate the impact of climate change and to produce wellbeing services for citizens.

Socio-economic functions

Being a low-energy and carbon-neutral raw material, wood is expected to be much in demand in the production of renewable forest energy, in wood construction and in new bioeconomy products. The forest sector contributes about 5% of the GDP, but the percentage may be more than 10% regionally.

 

About the report

  Updated: 22.03.2012 /MLier|  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated | Copyright Metla | Feedback