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Scots pine – Excellence and image

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Research based information on Scots pine properties and uses

Photo Metla/Erkki Oksanen 
  • Substitution effect: the use of non-renewable, scarce natural resources can be substituted by using renewable wood material
  • Positive effect on global climate: wooden products act as carbon storage, after felling forests are regenerated
  • Sustainable use of wood in Finland: Scots pine growing stock has increased since the 1970s, annual loggings less than growth

Renewable material

Wood is a versatile ecological material suitable for a variety of products and end uses. The manufacture and use of wooden products is based on the utilization of renewable natural resources. Most competing non-wood materials, such as metals, plastics, glass, and concrete, have their foundations in the exploitation and further processing of non-renewable resources: oil, minerals, and soil. The only way to contribute to the sufficiency of these scarce resources is to restrict their use and to improve the recycling. Instead, the availability of renewable wood based materials can be enhanced using effective silviculture and forest management.

In Finland, high quality Scots pine is typically grown in stands in the natural habitats and regions of the tree species. According to the national forest inventories, the growing stock of pine has been increasing since the 1970s being approximately 1000 million cubic meters in 2008. In the same year, the annual growth of pine stock was approximately 47 million cubic meters and the loggings 27 million cubic meters.

Most of the Finnish forests have been certified by third party certifying agencies. The certificates assure ecologically and economically sustainable and responsible management and use of forest resources. After the final felling, it is the responsibility of the forest owner by law to make sure of the forest regeneration either naturally or by cultivation, which is also controlled. The subsequent forest management actions during the growth period, such as thinnings, ensure the supply of high quality natural raw material in the future. A public advisory service and financial incentives are available to forest owners for this purpose.

More information
 >National Forest Inventory 
 >basic information on Finnish forests (link to Finnish Forest Association web page) 
 >FSC certification (link to FSC web page) 
 >PEFC certification (link to PEFC web page) 

Forest Finland in brief 2009. Finnish Forest Research Institute.
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Parviainen, J. et al. (eds.) 2007. State of Finland´s Forests 2007. Based on the Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Publications 7a/2007.
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Updated: 06.04.2010 /MGre  |  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated  |  Copyright Metla  |  Feedback