Climate change and carbon sequestration
Another important advantage of using wood to battle against climate change is the substitution effect. Wood products can substitute the use of non-wood materials that are based on the exploitation of non-renewable natural resources: the production of these materials may consume significant amounts of fossil fuels or the product itself may be further processed from non-renewable resources, such as oil.
The use of one cubic meter of wood to substitute other materials that consume more fossil fuels and non-renewable natural resources corresponds to the reduction of two tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions. Approximately 0.9 tonnes come from carbon storage and 1.1 tonnes from the substitution effect. Sustainable forest management and efficient wood product manufacturing enhance the role of forests and wood products in covering the carbon emissions from burning of fossil fuels.
Wood products can easily be reused or recycled. At the end of the life cycle wooden products can be used as a source of bioenergy, thus substituting the use of fossil fuels.