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Scots pine – Excellence and image

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Research based information on Scots pine properties and uses

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  • Low energy consumption in production: wood products´ manufacturing processes consume significantly less energy and natural resources compared to many competing materials
  • Energy efficient material during the life cycle: minor energy consumption and climate effect during the whole life cycle
  • Wood as bioenergy: wood can substitute non-renewable fossil fuels

Energy efficiency

Manufacture of wooden products consumes significantly less energy compared to production of many other materials. The energy consumption of aluminium, for example, is approximately a hundred times greater and untreated steel approximately 30 times greater per tonne produced compared to solid Scots pine wood. In addition, most of the by-products of wood processing industries can be used for bioenergy. Therefore, the proportion of energy produced from renewable resources is significantly larger for wood compared to many other materials.

Based on the life cycle analyses, the total energy consumption of wooden constructions is significantly lower than steel and concrete, for example. As there is no major difference in the energy consumption during the service life, the advantageousness of wood is based on the low energy consumption during material production and procurement, as well as the possibility to use the recycled wood as a source of bioenergy. In energy production wood can substitute the use of non-renewable fossil fuels.

As a relatively low-density and porous material, wood, Scots pine among others, has good thermal insulation properties, which is an advantage for energy efficient construction. Wood is usually procured from short-haul surroundings of the manufacturing units and end use locations. Less energy is needed in transportation due to the light weight of wood and relatively short transportation distances.

More information
 >green building (link to Oregon Forest Resources Institute web page)  
 >environmental performance of wood (link to Finnish Forest Industries Federation web page)  
 >environmental declaration of building materials (link to Building Information Foundation RTS web page)  

Sathre, R. & O'Connor, J. 2008. A synthesis of research on wood products & greenhouse gas impacts. FPInnovations Forintek TR-19.
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Werner, F. & Richter, K. 2007. Wooden building products in comparative LCA. A literature review. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 12(7): 470–479.
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Updated: 06.04.2010 /MGre  |  Photo: Erkki Oksanen, Metla, unless otherwise stated  |  Copyright Metla  |  Feedback