Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 273

The Multi-source National Forest Inventory of Finland – methods and results 2009

Pages: 216


This article presents the results of the Finnish multi-source forest inventory corresponding year 2009. For these products, the method uses satellite images from years 2009–2010, digital map data and field data. The main purpose of the article is to make multi-source forest inventory results available for the foresters, and all the readers interested in forests and forest environment. The field data originates from the 10th Finnish National Forest Inventory from years 2006 to 2008 and from the 11th Finnish National Forest Inventory from years 2009 and 2010. The basic features of the employed improved k-NN, ik- NN, method are described.

The results are presented by the regions of the Public Service unit of the Finnish Forest Centre and within the regions by municipalities. The estimates are given, for example, for land areas, areas of tree species dominance, age and development classes and often separately for forests available for wood supply. The mean volume and total volume estimates are given in many different ways: mean volumes by tree species and by timber assortments for forest land, poorly productive forest land and their combination and also for forests available for wood supply, as well as by age and development classes. The biomass estimates are given, in addition to the total biomass estimates, by tree species groups in young thinning stands in which first commercial thinning was proposed for the first 5-year-period, separately for stem and bark and branches and foliage. The biomass estimates of mature forests are presented separately for branches, foliage and stem residuals, and stumps and large roots by tree species groups. These biomass estimates are given separately for land available for wood supply. All presented results can be employed in calculating forest resource estimates also for regions larger than municipalities. The error sources for the estimates as well as the reliability of the estimates are briefly discussed in Section 3.3.3 and Chapter 5.


multi-source forest inventory, national forest inventory, satellite images, genetic algorithm, k-nearest neighbours, small-area estimation, stratification, statistical calibration

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Bibliographic information

Tomppo, Erkki, Katila, Matti, Mäkisara, Kai & Peräsaari, Jouni. 2013. The Multi-source National Forest Inventory of Finland – methods and results 2009. Metlan työraportteja / Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 273. 216 p. ISBN 978-951-40-2428-3 (PDF). Available at:

Contact information

Erkki Tomppo, Finnish Forest Research Institute, PO Box 18, FI-01301 Vantaa, Finland. E-mail, tel. +358-10-211 2170

Other information

Unit: Vantaa Research Unit
Project: Forest inventory designs and methods

Layout: Metla/Sari Elomaa

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