Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 45
Forest condition monitoring in Finland – National report 2002–2005
Since 1985 Finland has been participating in the Pan-European forest condition monitoring programme – the International Co-operative Programme on the Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP forests) – which is based on international agreements on the long-range transportation of air pollutants (LRTAP). In member countries of the European Union, forest condition monitoring is based on regulations enacted in 1986, 1994 and 2003. In Finland, the Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla) is responsible for carrying out annual forest vitality and health surveys on a 610 permanent plot network (Level I, extensive monitoring), and for studying the relationships between forest condition and air pollution and other stress factors on a network of 31 stands located throughout the country (Level II, intensive monitoring). This report presents the results of monitoring carried out under the Finnish Forest Focus/ICP Forests programmes during 2002 to 2004/5 as well as the results of other studies of forest condition in Finland.
acidification, air pollution, biodiversity, biotic and abiotic forest damage, boreal forests, coverage, crown condition, defoliation, deposition, discolouration, forest health monitoring, forest pests, fungal diseases, forest soil, grasses, heavy metals, insect damage, litterfall, mass balance budgets, meteorology, monitoring, moose damage, national forest inventory, needle chemistry, nitrogen, Norway spruce, ozone, phenology, Scots pine, soil solution, sulphur, throughfall, understorey vegetation, windthrows
Contents - Sisällysluettelo, Preface - Alkusanat, Summary - Yhteenveto (pdf, size 401 kb)
Forest condition monitoring under the UN/ECE and EC programmes in Finland (pdf, size 1311 kb)
Forest condition in national systematic network (Forest Focus/ICP Forests, Level I) in 2002–2005 (pdf, size 2374 kb)
Results of the intensive monitoring of forest ecosystems (Forest Focus/ICP Forests, Level II) 41 (pdf, size 7783 kb)
Results of other studies related to forest damages and long-term monitoring (pdf, size 4382 kb)
Merilä, Päivi, Kilponen, Tuire & Derome, John (eds.). 2007. Forest condition monitoring in Finland – National report 2002–2005. Metlan työraportteja / Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 45. 166 p. ISBN 978-951-40-2031-5 (PDF), ISBN 978-951-40-2032-2 (paperback). Available at: http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/workingpapers/2007/mwp045.htm.
Päivi Merilä Finnish Forest Research Institute, Parkano Research Unit, Kaironiementie 54, FI-39700 Parkano, Finland. E-mail: paivi.merila @ metla.fi
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