Table of contents


  1. Foreword
  2. Background to the research project and its implementation
  3. The forests and forest research in Finnish Lapland
  4. Air quality and deposition
  5. The impact of deposition on forest soils
  6. Lichens are most sensitive
  7. Scots pine condition as indicated by needles
  8. Diseases and pests as added stress factors of Scots Pine
  9. The litter and status of Scots pine forests
  10. Growth of Scots pine in changing environment
  11. Satellite imagery and scope of forest damage
  12. Conclusions

Creator: kari.mikkola@metla.fi