Social sustainability of forestry in the Baltic Sea Region

Hytönen, M. (ed.). 1998. Social sustainability of forestry in the Baltic Sea Region. Proceedings of workshops organised by the Nordic Research Programme on Social Sustainability of Forestry (NORSUFOR) 30-31 January 1997 in Helsinki, Finland and 10-12 September 1997 in Kärdla, Estonia. Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research Papers 704. 354 p. ISSN 0358-4283, ISBN 951-40-1646-7.

Edited by Marjatta Hytönen

Distribution: Library of the Finnish Forest Research Institute, PO Box 18, FIN-01301 Vantaa, Finland. Tel +358 10 211 2200, fax +358 10 211 2201, E-mail:

Back cover information

The proceedings contains articles on the social and political forestry challenges of the 1990s in the Nordic and Baltic countries and in Russia. The topics include collaborative planning procedures, employment issues, tourism and recreation, private forest ownership and ethical considerations. A special theme is the role of Biosphere Reserves in promoting sustainable rural development. The articles are written by post-graduate students, senior researchers and practical professionals working in various forest-related positions in the countries around the Baltic Sea.

Table of Contents


Conceptual and geographical aspects

The concept of social sustainability of forestry
Marjatta Hytönen

Agenda 21 for forestry in the Baltic Sea Region
Marius Lazdinis

General themes

Environmental ethics: implications for forest management
Christian Gamborg

Urban forests and forestry: a framework for a European comparative study
Cecil C. Konijnendijk

Planning as learning: a new paradigm for implementing sustainable forestry
Jukka Tikkanen

Issues in data collection on non-wood forest products
Celeste Lacuna-Richman & Katri Karkinen

Forestry in countries in transition

The role of forestry in the economy of Lithuania
Algis Gaizutis

Sustainability and private forestry in Latvia
Lelde Vilkriste

Private forestry as an employment guarantee in countryside of Latvia
Ilze Silamikele

The role of forest rangers in the Latvian state forest sector
Ilva Konstantinova

How human impact is reflected in forest dynamics in Estonia
Kalev Jõgiste

Development of forest conservation area network in Estonia
Henn Korjus & Kaili Viilma

Private forest ownership in Finland and Estonia: comparative analysis
Heimo Karppinen

Recent changes in social welfare of the forest sector of the Russian Federation
Elena Kopylova

Changing attitudes of Russian foresters
Maxim Lobovikov

Nordic perspectives

Sustainability from the viewpoint of southern Swedish forest owners
Gunnar Isacsson

The advocacy coalition framework: its applicability to a Swedish land-use conflict
Roger Berggren

Local participation in sustainable forest management based on landscape analysis
Bo Mårsäter

Employment as an indicator of social sustainability of forestry in Finland
Pertti Elovirta

Participatory forestry planning in Kainuu, Finland
Sakari Virtanen

Recent forestry developments and social forestry research in Iceland
Karl S. Gunnarsson

Attitudes and culture among environmental officials in Norway
Jørund Aasetre

Recreation and tourism

Role of recreation in social sustainability of forestry and use of natural resources
Tuija Sievänen

Role of forest-based tourism in rural development
Mirja Turunen

Public participation, nature tourism and community development
Päivi Piispa

Sustainability and the development of tourism
Jarkko Saarinen

Biosphere reserves as model areas of sustainable development

Local participation in the West-Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve: the case of Hiiumaa
Ruuben Post

Role of biosphere reserves in promoting sustainability of forestry and regional development
Ilkka Eisto

Forestry planning in coastal biosphere reserves in Estonia, Finland and Germany
Martin Welp


Updated: 18.12.2001 MHyt