MULTI EFFORT (MULTIple Eco-Friendly FORest use: Restoring Traditions) is a Karelia ENPI CBC project (KA401, 2012-2014)
MULTI EFFORT improves quality of life through improved forest ecosystem services
in Karelian regions. MULTI EFFORT actions are applied on model territories both on the Finnish and Russian sides.
- The landscape ecological plan developed represents a bridge from landscape ecology to land use practice. It will enable balanced use and improvement of all forest ecosystem services
- MULTI EFFORT analyses potential markets and economic benefits for mushrooms, berries, medicine plants and other forest products
- MULTIEFFORT will develop fuel type and fire risk classification with the aim to reduce negative effects of forest fires
- The partners will publish educational book on ecosystem services and multiple use of forest resources on both sides of the border with the aim to further develop multiple and sustainable use of forests and create marketing opportunities for local people
|Berries as provisional ecosystem services: from forest to market.
MULTI EFFORT actions restore traditions in cultural services - maintaining old traditional uses of forest products and developing them in changing society and raise an interest to non-wood forest resources and values.
Regulating services (prevention of forest fires, carbon sequestration, climate change mitigation) are addressed in MULTI EFFORT by developing fire risk (inflammability and crown fire risk) and fuel type classifications and analyzing fire effects on ecosystem services. The action will promote extinguishing fires more effectively in the future. The economic value of preventing forest fires can be estimated through the losses incurred by fires. The effects of natural disturbances (fire and windthrow) and forest management treatments on the carbon cycling as supporting services are examined and taken into consideration in future management scenarios on model territories.
The landscape ecological planning for model territory Zaonezhye will enable a balanced use of all resources with minimized negative ecological consequences, preserve biodiversity and recreational landscape values and promote preconditions for nature tourism.
Developing permanent structures and marketing opportunities for non-wood forest products, such as berries, mushrooms, medicine plants and traditional handcrafts produced from forest materials improves provisioning services.
Lectures and seminars at schools and universities as well as educational trainings at Vodlozersky National Park, forest fire prevention course at Mekrijärvi will promote multiple forest use and nature-based tourism and enhance forest fire prevention.
The constraints for sustainable multiple forest use will be analysed and, in the future, overcome using co-operation, expertise and long traditions of partners and associates in research and practice of forest use, forest management and conservation.
The forest ecosystem services addressed in MULTI EFFORT, are classified into 4 groups (Haynes-Young & Potchin, 2007):
- provisioning services: wood, berries, mushrooms and other forest products,
- regulating services: climate change mitigation, carbon sequestration, maintenance of forest production, prevention of forest fires, windthrows and other disturbances.
- cultural services: maintaining old traditional uses of forest products and developing them in changing society, supporting recreational and aesthetical characteristics of the landscapes and
- supporting services: carbon cycling, ecosystem resilience.