Metla Project 3417
Impacts of nature conservation on wood procurement possibilities and local economy
Keywords: MELA forestry model, impacts of nature conservation, input-output analyses, local economy, multisource forest inventory, scenario analyses, wood procurement
Research Programme: Safeguarding forest biodiversity - policy instruments and socio-economic impacts
Objectives The objectives of the project are
- to analyse impacts of nature conservation measures on national and regional cutting possibilities, costs, income and employment, and to study alternative conservation strategies using forest scenario analyses (sub-project 1)
- to develop and test forest scenario modelling based on multisource forest inventory data for the impact analyses of nature conservation measures on local wood procurement conditions of forest industry (sub-project 2)
- to develop and test methods for the analysis of impacts at local level (sub-project 3).
Sub-project 1: The preliminary analysis on the impacts of set-aside areas on cutting possibilities was carried out during the round of the 9th national forest inventory (NFI9) (see e.g. Nuutinen ym. 2005a). The national impact analysis based on NFI10 will be carried out in 2009, when the amount of NFI sample plots is representative enough. In 2007, the emphasis of the sub-programme was laid on the forestry scenario modelling (Salminen 2007) supporting the preparation of National Forest Programme 2015. The scenarios were synchronized with the work of project 3415. Sub-project 2: The activities of the sub-programme in 2005-2007 were focused on the preparation of the local forestry programme as a part of an international project ELAV (Enhancing local activity and values from forest land through community-led strategic planning) funded by Interreg IIIB NPP programme and MAF (see also project 7184). In the project, operational models for strategic forest planning at village level were developed. In 2006, an international seminar on forest planning was organised in Koli and the presentations were published in Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 38 (Nuutinen ym. 2006b; Nuutinen 2006; Kärkkäinen 2006). In 2007, the first local forestry programme (LFP) in Finland was published for the region of two villages, Koli and Hattusaari (Nuutinen ym. 2007). It was the first time when the multi-source national forest inventory (MNFI) by Metla was used as source data for the MELA forestry scenario analysis at village level. The preparation process was interactive and collaborative. Local forest owners, other entrepreneurs and villagers participated in the definition of scenario alternatives as well as the criteria and indicators used in the evaluation of the scenarios. For more information: http://www.elavproject.com/finland/engfinstart.php
Sub-projects 1+2: In the beginning of the whole project, the advisory group of TUK emphasized that the incorporation of site-specific data into the impact analysis of sub-project 1 would be important. As a response, together with the Zoological Museum of the University of Helsinki funding was applied for the project "Habitats of the Siberian flying squirrel (Pteromys volans) in South Finland and the development of potential habitats in different cutting scenarios in 2005-2055" (see also project 7243). The aim of the project is to extend the forestry scenario modelling (MNFI-MELA ) applied in the context of LFP (see sub-project 1) for the whole region of Southern Finland. The project will produce important information on the relationships between the future forest resources and forest use. For more information
Sub-project 3: Ministry of the Environment granted the funding for the collaborative project "Social and Local Economical Impacts of Forest Conservation in the Remote Rural Areas" between Metla and the Karelian Institute of University of Joensuu. The sub-project was separated and launched as in independent project (see project 7254) directly under the TUK co-ordination. The project leader is Eero Vatanen.
In addition, methodological work has been carried out to support all sub-projects: approaches for balancing environmental values and forest-based economic activities have been studied together with e.g. project 3419 (von Gadow ym. 2007a,b) and methods and tools (Nuutinen ym. 2006a) as well as criteria and indicators (Kärkkäinen et al. 2005a, Mattila & Nuutinen 2007) for balancing environmental values and forest-based economic activities have been developed.
The criteria and indicators have been tested e.g. in the impact analysis of the implementation of regional forest programmes on forests in Southern Finland (Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 12: Nuutinen et al. 2005b - in Finnish) and in the case study of Northern Karelia related to the evaluation of the Finnish National Action Plan for Biodiversity (The Finnish Environment 770: Kärkkäinen et al. 2005b - in Finnish; Auvinen et al. 2007).
The Finnish Forest Research Institute,
PO Box 68 (Yliopistokatu 6), FI-80101 JOENSUU, FINLAND
Phone: +358 29 532 5083
Anola-Pukkila, Aimo, JO (2006,2008), Hirvelä, Hannu, VA (2007,2009), Mäkelä, Helena, VA (2006,2008-09), Nuutinen, Tuula, JO (2005-09), Redsven, Visa, JO (2005-07), Salminen, Olli, VA (2005,2007,2009)
Top of page