Metla Project 3416

Policy instruments for safeguarding forest biodiversity

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Duration: 2005-2009   Keywords: biodiversity knowledge, biological diversity, forest policy, forestry extension, incentives, nature value trading, retention trees
Research Programme: Safeguarding forest biodiversity - policy instruments and socio-economic impacts


The project aims at providing research based information on different policy instruments for safeguarding biodiversity and on their socio- economic impacts. The focus is on private forest lands. The project consists of five studies that investigate:
  1. citizens’ and forest owners’ preferences for different policy instruments in the protection and sustainable use of forest biodiversity; economic and social impacts of conservation on citizens and forest owners; and the effects of legislation on forest owners’ behaviour. Additionally, the empirical applications provide a basis for development of stated preference methods, particularly the choice experiment method.
  2. current state of the voluntary and uncompelled safeguarding of forest biodiversity practised by private forest owners or by some other part of private sector; barriers to this kind of private sector conservation and how to remove those barriers. Furthermore, the study will look at the questions of evaluation criterias for biodiversity policy, especially in regard to social sustainability of; the concept of sustainable use of biodiversity and government’s possibilities to implement incentive measures in encouraging the sustainable use and creating some new markets for biodiversity.
  3. pricing of forest stands in the nature value trading system as a new problem in nature conservation of privately owned forests. This problem will be analysed in the study by using forest property valuation methods. The knowledge of values is needed when negotiating of contracts.
  4. an empirical example of impacts of a conservation policy that aims at increasing the level and applicability of the knowledge base in biodiversity safeguarding. The example will look at the factors that impact on preserving of retention trees and on the level of biodiversity knowledge.
  5. arrangements where private landowners are being paid for allocating forestland for biodiversity conservation are being experimented in a few localities in Finland. In the future these experiments may be extended to cover the entire country. In this research project a numerical age-class forest model will be developed to simulate the effects of possible policy instruments designed to promote biodiversity conservation. The effects on forestowners' harvesting decisions will be studied together with the effects of certain forest tax parameters.

Project leader: Naskali, Arto
The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Rovanniemi Office, PO Box 16 (Eteläranta 55), FI-96301 ROVANIEMI, FINLAND
Phone: +358 29 532 4527

Other researchers: Hannelius, Simo, VA (2005-07), Horne, Paula (2005-07), Hytönen, Marjatta, VA (2007-09), Hänninen, Harri, VA (2005-09), Koskela, Terhi, VA (2005-08), Kurttila, Mikko, JO (2006,2009), Laturi, Jani, VA (2005), Ovaskainen, Ville, VA (2005-07,2009), Siitonen, Juha, VA (2009), Tuuri, Aleksi (2006), Uusivuori, Jussi, VA (2005-06)

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Updated 31.12.2012